Education is undoubtedly the most effective tool for enhancing the personal and social life of humans. Without education, society ceases to make any improvement and development. Education opens new ways for improving people’s standard of living and making them better in terms of intellect and knowledge. All the greatest inventions have only been possible due to education, and it has now become a necessity for life. Every human has the basic right to get a quality education so that he can lead a better life. Due to the essential nature of education, it has always been a matter of great concern for experts and educational leaders. They always seek ways and methods to enhance the effectiveness of education for the masses.
One of the strategies adopted by experts in this regard is the privatization of education. It is proved to raise the standard and quality of education and make its availability convenient for people. This strategy is usually undertaken when the government faces financial issues and finds the maintenance of the educational process difficult. However, it has its impacts on education, and they are both positive and negative. Both the impacts of privatization of education are discussed below.
One of the major benefits for which privatization is preferred is the resulting efficiency. It is often observed that privatization leads to better performance of the organization. When education is under the control of the government, it usually lacks efficiency and innovation. The main reason behind this is that the government finds no direct incentive to improve its performance in this regard. Therefore, they usually let things go with the flow. On the other hand, privatization leads to incentives in the form of profitability for the owners; thus, they are compelled to increase their efficiency. Resultantly, the educational process flourishes.
Reduced political influence:
Education must be away from political influence as it has nothing to do with it. Schools are established to let children know, learn and grow. Instead of politicians deciding what they should study, it must be looked over by experts. Privatization helps reduce political influence on the school system. It allows the involvement of parents and educational experts to collectively decide and plan what children should be learning in schools. This also helps eliminate reforms introduced in schools only for political benefits and that have no significance for the educational process.
Healthy competition encourages innovation and improves efficiency, whether it is between people or organizations. Privatization of education leads to increased competition for public schools. It leads them to reshape their strategies and make more student-centric efforts to attract them to their schools. Due to this, we can see an improvement in their performance as every school wants to prove its educational system the best for students. The increased competition also results in hiring the best teachers and the implementation of the best possible curriculum for students. Eventually, students and the educational system benefits the most from the increased competition due to privatization.
Private schools and colleges are usually more inclined to incorporate extracurricular activities along with the regular curriculum. Experts believe that extracurricular activities are vital for improving students’ cognitive abilities and learning some necessary skills. Students develop and grow in all aspects and have an attractive personality with some polished skills and talents. They then have more options for part-time work other than assignment writing service, which is highly competitive nowadays.
Along with these benefits, some cons of the privatization of schools are briefly discussed below.
Although the primary objective of privatization is to reduce the incurring cost, it usually leads to a higher cost of education for parents. Instead of getting relief, they have to pay high tuition fees besides other expenditures. Usually, the expenses for a school double in the case of privatization of public ownership. This effect is transferred onto parents paying fees for their children. It leads to challenges for low-income family groups who cannot easily afford sudden double charges.
Lower service quality:
Privatization of schools may result in an overall declined service quality due to the profitability factor for private schools. The primary objective of a private organization is to earn profit or at least not give loss. With more focus on profitability, the quality of education and overall service may decline. A private school would reduce its expenditures by cutting off costs for hiring teachers, utility expenditures, supporting staff, etc. Teachers who get hired for less salary are usually inexperienced and less qualified. It harms the educational process, and students suffer.
No direct impact on students’ performance:
One thing to be noted is that students’ academic performance does not directly depend on the ownership of the school. Whether the school is public or private, students tend to have the same performance either way. Moreover, the focus of private schools is more on saving costs than improving students’ performance. This may lead to a wide gap in students’ performance of the same class, leading to disparity in the learning process. Instead of uniformity in the classroom, there are blocs of students with good academic and bad performance.
Privatization of schools may result in discrimination in society. To maintain their impression, private schools offer admissions on a selective basis. They usually allow students with a strong financial background to be a part of their school and deny admissions for children from low-income families. This discrimination has dire consequences on society and harms the concept of an equal standard of education for all.
The quality of education and effectiveness of the learning process depends heavily on the expertise of teachers. Highly qualified and well-trained teachers are usually more competitive for keeping up with a well-planned education system than inexperienced teachers. Private schools usually hire inexperienced teachers on low salaries, and thus they are incapable of introducing any innovation in the learning process for children. The discussion reveals that privatization has its benefits and drawbacks for education, and therefore it should not be considered a one-for-all solution. The decision to privatization of education must be taken after close observation and keen research with proper strategy. Otherwise, it might increase problems instead of eliminating them.