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Top 3 Water Amazing Buffalo Breeds

Buffalo Breeds In Pakistan
Buffalo Breeds Of Pakistan

Raw Milk is illegal in US and many other Western Countries and is basically taken from Cows whereas in Pakistan & its neighboring countries Raw milk is considered a blessing and often devoured unboiled and taken majorly from Water Buffaloes.

A Water Buffalo requires a pond, stream, lake, or river for its survival.

Water Buffaloes in a running canal

The scientific Name for The Water Buffalo is Bubalus bubalis.

There are 3 main Buffalo Breeds in Pakistan


Nilli – Ravi Male
Nilli – Ravi Female

Nilli – Ravi is a Cross between Nilli Buffalo known for its high-quality milk and Ravi Buffalo known for its meat weight.


The home track of the Nili-Ravi buffalo includes Lahore, Sheikhupura, Faisalabad, Okara, Sahiwal, Pakpattan, and Vehari districts of Central Punjab; and Multan and parts of Bahawalpur and Bahawalnagar districts of southern Punjab. However, because of their well-recognized dairy qualities, these animals are now found all over the country. Nili-Ravi’s buffaloes are in great demand in several other countries as well. Nili and Ravi were recognized as separate breeds until the 1960’s when the merging of the two breeds was accepted in the form of the Nili-Ravi breed.

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  1. They are massive, somewhat wedge-shaped animals.
  2. They are mostly black, but often have white markings on the forehead, face, and muzzle, and lower parts of the legs. Due to which it is called “Panj Kalyan”.
  3. The tail switch is often white.
  4. They have all curly horns, wall eyes, and a large and strong udder.
  5. Males attain maturity at the age of 30 months, and females at 36 months
  6. Average age at first calving is 1390 days
  7. Milk yield is 1800-2500 litres per lactation (322 days) with 6.5% butter fat.
  8. Adult males weigh 550-650 kg, while females weigh 350-450 Kg.
  9. Males may be used for draught purposes, especially for preparing land for paddy cultivation and are a good source of beef.
  10. White markings extending above hock and knee and over the neck and body constitute a serious disqualification

Kundhi/Banni/Sindhi Buffalo

Kundli Male
Kundli Female

Kundli buffaloes are found throughout Sindh, particularly on both sides of the Indus river from Kashmore in the north to Shah Bandar in the south on the coast of the Arabian Sea. They are also found in some parts of the Balochistan province.


  1. These are massive, jet-black animals.
  2. Their horns are broad at the base and taper upward and inward, giving them a fishhook shape, hence the name `Kundhi’.
  3. White spots on the body and straight horns are considered undesirable in this breed.
  4. They have a broad forehead, short neck, and medium-sized ears.
  5. They have large, strong udders.
  6. The average age at maturity is 30 months in males and 36 months in females.
  7. Adult males weigh 500-600 kg, and females 300-400 kg.
  8. The milk yield per lactation is 1700-2200 liters with over 6.5% butterfat.


Azi-Kheli is mainly found in the Khwaza Khella and Madyan areas of Swat district about 175 km northeast of Peshawar in KPK but can be found in the whole valley of Swat. Azi-Khelies have been named after a local tribe ‘Aziz Khell’.

Azi-Kheli Buffalo
Azi-Kheli Buffalo
Azi-Kheli Buffalo


  1. Colour variation in Azi-Kheli is quite pronounced, varying from complete albino animals to piebald to even black.
  2. Young animals have normal brownish hair, while hair coat usually becomes scanty and thin in adults.
  3. Forehead has a white marking of varying size and can be totally white with a tapering face.
  4. Horns are small semi-sickled in shape.
  5. The tail is characteristically short and slender.
  6. Estimated liveweight is 350 to 450 kg.
  7. The udder in lactating animals is fairly developed.
  8. Milk yield per lactation is about 1800 litres.
  9. Age at first calving is about 45 months with a calving interval of 18 months.
  10. Azi‑Kheli are generally docile.


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