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What Does Diabetes Treatment Involve?

A diabetes doctor is also known as an endocrinologist and is mainly responsible for diabetes treatment. An endocrinologist is a healthcare provider who specializes in endocrinology, a field of medicine that studies conditions related to your hormones. An endocrinologist can diagnose endocrine conditions, develop treatment and management plans for them and prescribe medication. An endocrinologist can also treat diabetes, which is extremely important when a person runs the risk of other diseases that can stem from diabetes. The field of endocrinology is key in learning and understanding how the metabolism works.

Many people who need diabetes treatment today need more than an endocrinologist to help address diabetes. Many offices today include not only a diabetes doctor, but also can also a diabetes care team, which would be a collection of endocrinologists along with other specialists including dieticians, nutritionists and other subspecialty medical professionals depending on your personal health issue.

There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. In Type 1 diabetes, your pancreas doesn’t make any insulin. In Type 2, your pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin, and the insulin it is making doesn’t always work as it should. Both types are forms of diabetes mellitus, meaning they lead to hyperglycemia (high blood sugar).

The reason endocrinology is so important to metabolism and in diabetes treatment is its focus on endocrine glands that release hormones. The human body makes and releases over 50 different hormones including adrenaline, estrogen, insulin, melatonin, testosterone and many more. Certain glands in your body called endocrine glands make and release hormones. Glands are special tissues in your body that create and release substances. The endocrine glands in your body include adrenal glands, pineal glands, pituitary glands, and thyroid glands.

Endocrinologists may specialize in certain areas of endocrinology to offer a wide range of diabetes treatment. These subspecialities allow for more targeted diabetes treatment of specific medical conditions. Many hormones play important roles in your metabolism — how your body transforms the food you eat into energy it can use. Diabetes is one of the most common metabolic conditions. An endocrinologist can specialize in the treatment of diabetes and other metabolic conditions such as obesity.

Primary healthcare providers can diagnose and help you manage many endocrine conditions including diabetes treatment. However, you may benefit from seeing an endocrinologist since they’re likely more knowledgeable on your specific condition and more up to date on different medications, technology and clinical trials that can help treat your diabetic condition. Endocrinologists are experts in endocrine conditions, especially diabetes. Endocrinologists’ goal is to prevent complications or, failing that, to recognize complications early when they can be treated effectively. This includes controlling blood sugar, blood cholesterol and blood pressure, as well as detecting early damage to the eyes, kidneys and nerves.

An endocrinologist can use an array of tests, procedures and surgeries depending on the problem. Each of these treatments, including diabetes treatments can alter the metabolism. According to the American Medical Association, endocrinologists use laboratory procedures, tissue sampling, genetic analysis, and high-resolution medical imaging. In addition, they conduct simulations of hormonal mechanisms to establish the diagnosis of different ailments. These tests include CT scan, MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) or surgeries such as adrenalectomy or bariatric surgery. This may be needed to address obesity. Obesity is an important topic to explore when talking about metabolism and diabetes treatment. Being obese or being overweight results from a complex biology whereby the body increases the amount of fat it wants to hold on to. As a result, people with obesity may crave more calorie-dense foods and are more likely to store extra calories as fat. The result is weight gain, or more specifically, an increase in the amount of fat the body wants to carry. Contributors are thought to be unhealthy diet, unhealthy muscle, lack of sleep, disruptions in circadian rhythm, and weight gain-promoting mediations, among others.

James Connel
James Connel
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